Section 144 imposed across Ayodhya until December 10 ahead of Supreme Court proceedings

Section 144 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) has been imposed across Ayodhya district till December 10. This means that assembly of four or more persons is prohibited.

The police have imposed restrictions as politically sensitive Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid land dispute at Ayodhya would enter its final leg on Monday when the Supreme Court resumes proceedings on the 38th day after a week-long Dussehra break.

A constitution bench headed by Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi and four other judges, that has been conducting a day-to-day proceeding to find an amicable solution, has revised the deadline for wrapping up the proceedings and has fixed it for November 17.

A 2.77 acre land in Ayodhya is under dispute among three parties — the Sunni Waqf Board, the Nirmohi Akhara, and Ram Lalla. The Allahabad High Court judgment in 2010 in its judgement divided the land equally among the parties. 14 appeals were filed against this High Court judgement in the Supreme Court.

Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid land dispute:

The case has a long history. A case was first filled by Gopal Singh Visharad, a devotee of ‘Ram Lalla’, in 1950 to seek enforcement of the right to worship of Hindus at the disputed site. In the same year, the Paramahansa Ramachandra Das had also filed the lawsuit for continuation of worship and keeping the idols under the central dome of the now-demolished disputed structure. The plea was later withdrawn.

Later, the Nirmohi Akhara also moved the trial court in 1959 seeking management and ‘shebaiti’ (devotee) rights over the 2.77 acre disputed land. Then came the lawsuit of the Uttar Pradesh Sunni Central Waqf Board which moved the court in 1961, claiming title right over the disputed property.

The deity, ‘Ram Lalla Virajman’ through next friend and former Allahabad High Court judge Deoki Nandan Agrawal, and the Janmabhoomi(the birthplace) moved the lawsuit in 1989, seeking title right over the entire disputed property on the key ground that the land itself has the character of the deity and of a ‘Juristic entity’.

Later, all the lawsuits were transferred to the Allahabad High Court for adjudication following the demolition of the disputed Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri masjid structure on December 6, 1992, sparking communal riots in the country.

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