Life could exist below the surface of Mars, study suggests

Mars has become a hotbed for space explorations for various space agencies around the world. Basically, they aim to find if life can exist on Mars.

A study now has suggested that life could exist below the surface of Mars. It revealed that conditions beneath the surface of the planet are less harsh. The research also proposed that the subsurface has traces of water.

The study, carried out by astrophysicist and scientist Dimitra Atri, was published in the journal Scientific Reports.

Atri conducted the research by integrating existing data from space missions, numerical models and studies of deep-cave ecosystems found on Earth.

He asserted that repeated bombardment of penetrating Galactic Cosmic Rays (GCRs) may offer the energy to catalyse organic activity below the surface.

He said that it is exciting to think that life could survive on Mars in such harsh conditions.

“When the Rosalind Franklin rover on board the ExoMars mission (ESA and Roscosmos), equipped with a subsurface drill, is launched in 2022, it will be well-suited to detect extant microbial life and hopefully provide some important insights,” Atri added.

US Space agency NASA would be launching the Perseverance Mars rover on Thursday. The nuclear-powered rover will look for signs of past microbial life on the red planet. It will also gather rock and soil samples that will be sent to Earth for research.