Three animal species that include the Indian Cheetah, pink-headed duck, and the Great Indian Bustard were declared extinct in India. Researchers at the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD COP 14) blame the rapid rate of desertification for their extinction.
“We have a database for more than 5.6 million specimens, collected from all over India and also from the neighbouring countries before independence. They give a lot of information about how things have changed in more than 100 years,” Kailash Chandra, Director of the Zoological Survey of India told reporters.
“If you see their distribution in geo-special platforms, you’ll realise how much changes have occurred because of the impact of deforestation and desertification. These specimens have reduced to less than 150. This is a matter of great concern … [as] the entire food chain is affected due to this desertification,” Chandra added.
Human activities result in deforestation and desertification end up impacting these wildlife species. Abundant industries, chemicals, conversion of agricultural land, use of excessive pesticides and insecticides rapid desertification.
The negative impact of desertification is not only confined to animals but the entire biodiversity which ranges from microscopic animals to human beings.
At the conference, it was revealed that India is facing severe land degradation. It was said In the forum that more than 30 per cent of the land area in the country has degraded due to over-cultivation, deforestation, depletion of wetlands, and soil erosion.
Source : Various