China has denied western media reports that it tested a nuclear-capable hypersonic missile earlier this year, insisting instead that it was a routine spacecraft check.
The report in the Financial Times newspaper prompted concern in Washington, where US intelligence was reportedly caught by surprise.
Hypersonic missiles are much faster and more agile than normal ones, meaning they are more difficult to intercept.
It comes as concern grows around China’s nuclear capabilities.
On Monday, foreign ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian told a media briefing that a routine test had been carried out in July to verify different types of reusable spacecraft technology.
“This was not a missile, this was a spacecraft,” he said. “This is of great significance for reducing the cost of spacecraft use.”
Mr Zhao added that many countries had carried out similar tests in the past. When asked if the FT report was inaccurate, he replied “yes”.
The report on Saturday quoted five unnamed sources who said a hypersonic missile had been launched in the summer. It flew through low-orbit space before cruising down and narrowly missing its target, the report said.
“The test showed that China had made astounding progress on hypersonic weapons and was far more advanced than US officials realised,” the report read.
US disarmament ambassador Robert Wood said the US was “very concerned”, adding that Washington “had held back from pursuing military applications for this technology”.
However, he said both China and Russia had been “very actively” pursuing military uses, which meant the US “having to respond in kind”.
“We just don’t know how we can defend against that technology, neither does China, neither does Russia,” he told reporters in Geneva.
Along with China, the US, Russia and at least five other countries are working on hypersonic missile technology.
They can fly at more than five times the speed of sound and, much like ballistic missiles, can deliver a nuclear warhead.
Last month, North Korea said it had successfully tested a new hypersonic missile. And in July, Russia made a similar announcement and said its missile had been launched from a frigate in the White Sea.