Australia will spend $580 million to upgrade four northern military bases and expand war games with the United States, Prime Minister Scott Morrison said on Wednesday.
The announcement came amid increasingly bitter diplomatic and trade spat with China, Morrison said Australia must expand its military assets in the Northern Territory to be able respond to unspecified tensions in the Asia-Pacific region.
“Our objective is a free and open Indo-Pacific, to ensure a peaceful region, one that, at the same time, Australia is in a position to always protect its interests,” Morrison told reporters.
Australia’s military focus on the Indo-Pacific area comes amid rising competition between China for influence in the region in recent years.
Relations between Australia and China deteriorated even further after Canberra called last year for an international inquiry into the origins of the coronavirus, prompting trade reprisals from Beijing.
Morrison said an airstrip in the Northern Territory will be lengthened to support larger aircraft, firing ranges overhauled and new training facilities set up for defence personnel and U.S. marines.
The military upgrades will begin this year and be finished by 2026.
The funds are part of an Australia defence plan that will see Canberra spend $270 billion in the next decade to improve Canberra’s long-range strike capabilities.
Morrison said last year the funding was needed as the Asia-Pacific region was experiencing the greatest level of economic and strategic uncertainty since World War II.
Australia’s increasingly assertive approach has won favour with Washington, and Morrison said the new facilities will enhance joint military drills with the United States.
More than 2,000 U.S. Marines are already in Australia’s north as part of annual joint training activities.
Australia and the United States also hold biennial war games, the next of which is scheduled to begin in August.
Typically, more than 30,000 troops participate in the exercises off Australia’s east coast.